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Scottish Division

Reference Library – Infantry Division – Scottish Division

Paying tribute for the ultimate sacrifice…

THANKS to help from Marigold Cleeve and a small number of researchers from the Loughborough Carillon Tower and War Memorial Museum, we have been commemorating the brave men from Loughborough and the surrounding areas who lost their lives during the First World War. Here, we continue to remember the soldiers who made the ultimate sacrifice in August 1916:

Frederick Arthur William Hague was born in Loughborough in 1890, the eldest son of William Goodacre Hague and his wife Emma. William, a hosiery machine fitter, and Emma had nine children, eight of whom survived to adulthood.

Frederick had five sisters Edith, Carrie, Gertrude, Florence and Hilda, and two brothers Leonard and Everard. In 1891 and 1901 the family lived at 3 Cobden Street, Loughborough, but by 1911 had moved to 1 Forest Road. Frederick attended Holy Trinity Church in Loughborough.

Frederick, who in 1911 was a clerk in the timber trade in the offices of Messrs, J. Griggs and Co. in Loughborough, went to Australia in 1913 to take up farming. By 1915 he was living at 145 Blythe Street, Brunswick, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, and was employed as a farm labourer. Frederick enlisted in Melbourne on August 4, 1915.

As Private 2669 he embarked in Melbourne, Australia, on H.M.A.T. Ulysses on October 27, 1915, with the 6th Reinforcements, 24th Battalion, of the 6th Australian Infantry Brigade (Australian Imperial Force). In Egypt he was initially sent to the 6th Training Battalion at Zeitoun but was taken on the strength of D Company of the 7th Battalion of the Australian Infantry at Serapeum, Egypt, on February 24, 1916. Frederick embarked in Alexandria, Egypt, to join the British Expeditionary Force on March 26, 1916, disembarking in Marseilles on March 31.

Upon arrival, his battalion was sent to Morbecque, west of Armenti res, and it was in this area that the men entered the front line trenches for the first time on May 3. The battalion s first major action in France was at Pozi res in the Somme valley where it fought between July 23-27 and August 15-21, 1916. Frederick was wounded in action on August 17, 1916.

He was admitted to the 1st Australian Field Ambulance suffering from a gunshot wound to the neck on August 19, 1916. He died from his wound on the same day, aged 25, and was buried in Becourt Armyrats © Military Cemetery, Becordel-Becourt, near Albert, by the Officer Commanding the 1st Australian Field Ambulance on August 19, 1916. A package of personal effects was forwarded to his father and included a religious book, eight coins, two photos, a stud, two pieces of ribbon and a linen bag.

His brother Leonard, who was with the 8th Leicesters, was killed in 1917. His brother Everard, who served with the London Territorial Engineers, survived the war.

Eric Ivo Jacques was born in 1891 in Barrow-upon-Soar, the son of Robert William Jacques, a bricklayer, and Rose Jacques. Eric was one of ten children. He had three brothers Robert William (Junior), Arthur, and Harold and four sisters Ann, Harriet, Mabel and Sarah. Two other siblings, Frank and Mary, had died young. In 1901 the family was living at 23 Gordon Street, Loughborough, but by 1911 had moved to 53 Morley Street.

Prior to the war, Eric worked as a moulder at Messenger and Co. and was a member of the Old Loughburians Football Club. For a number of years he was a Drummer in the St. Peter s Church Lads Brigade, and latterly a teacher in the Woodgate Baptist Sunday School. Eric came from an old soldiering family. He had a great-grandfather who was in the Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) who fought at Waterloo and had three horses shot under him, and a grandmother who was born in Windsor Barracks.

An uncle once walked from Barrow (where the family came from) to Chatham to enlist. Eric enlisted on September 4, 1914, at Loughborough and joined the 8th (Service) Battalion of the Leicestershire Regiment on September 24 as Private 14953. He was promoted to Lance Corporal on November 7, 1914.

From the Depot he was sent firstly to Aldershot for training and then to Shorncliffe in Kent at the end of February 1915. In April 1915, Eric s battalion became part of the newly established 37th Division of Kitchener s 2nd New Army and the Division began to concentrate on Salisbury Plain. On July 22 the Division began to cross the English Channel and Eric travelled from Folkestone to France on July 29, 1915.

Initially the 37th Division concentrated near Tilques. The 8th Battalion then moved via Watten, Houlie, St. Omer, Eecke and Dranoutre to Wulverghem and Berles-au-Bois, a short distance from the front line. In the 11 months that followed, the battalion was mainly based in the area of Bienvillers and Bailleulmont, a short distance from the front line south-west of Arras.

They did tours in the trenches, the 6th Battalion alternating with the 8th Battalion who relieved them. On April 9, 1916, he injured his ankle in bayonet fighting at the Brigade Sports Ground, while attacking trenches and scaffolds and was admitted to No. 6 General Hospital in Rouen three days later. He was discharged on April 29 and sent to convalesce at Etaples.

He rejoined his battalion in the field on May 20. Eric was promoted to Corporal on December 10, 1915, to Lance Sergeant on February 6, 1916, and to Sergeant on June 26, 1916. At the beginning of July, the 8th Leicesters were sent to the Somme.

On July 14 the battalion was in action at the Battle of Bazentin Ridge. After the battle the battalion withdrew to Ribemont and then to M ricourt, and having entrained for Saleux, marched to Soues. From Soues the battalion moved to Longeau, Gouy-en-Ternois, Lattre St. Quentin and then to Arras where they went into the trenches on July 29.

Casualty figures for the battalion in July had been high: 17 officers and 415 other ranks had been killed, wounded or were missing. The battalion went into Divisional Reserve at Agnez-les-Ouisans on August 8 but went back into the trenches on August 18 where they were on the receiving end of trench mortar bombs and heavy shells. Eric was wounded on the following day by a shell which exploded and damaged his jugular vein before he could take cover.

He was taken to No. 30 Casualty Clearing Station and died on the following day, August 20, aged 24. He was buried at Aubigny Communal Cemetery Extension, Somme, Grave I. E. 8. Eric s brothers Robert William (Junior) and Harold and Eric s sister Mabel emigrated to the USA and settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

John Gregory Chambers was born in Breedon-on-the-Hill in 1874, the eldest son of John Chambers, a publican at Griffydam, and his wife Clara.

By 1891 the family had moved from Griffydam to Oxford Street, Alvaston, Derbyshire, and John Chambers was now a labourer and John Gregory Chambers, aged 17, was a forge boy. By 1901 the family had moved again, this time to 85 Storer Road, Loughborough, and John Chambers was a railway labourer while John Gregory Chambers was a furnace man. Between 1901 and 1911 John Gregory s parents moved from Loughborough to 70 Taylor Street, Osmaston, Derbyshire.

John Gregory, unmarried, moved with them and was employed as an iron worker on the Midland Railway while his father was employed in the gas works. John Gregory Chambers had seven brothers William, Charles, Thomas, Peter, Henry, Gerald and George and two sisters Maria and Emma. When the Chambers family moved to Osmaston, Maria Chambers, now Mrs. Joynes, remained in Loughborough and lived at 1 Albert Promenade.

John joined the 11th (Service) Battalion of the Cheshire Regiment as Private 20858. The battalion was raised in Chester on September 17, 1914, as part of Kitchener s Third New Army and joined the 75th Brigade, 25th Division of the Army. John s battalion sailed for Le Havre on the H.M.T Mona Queen on September 26, the division concentrating on arrival in the area of Nieppe, north of Armenti res.

From the beginning of October 1915 to the end of January 1916, the battalion was in the area of Ploegsteert Wood, where working parties improved the trench defences while being subjected to shelling and sniping by the enemy. A month in Strazeele followed, after which they moved to Nedonchelle, Valhuon, Tinques and Chelers. In May 1916 they were in the front line at Neuville-St.-Vaast and Ecoivres in defence of the German attack on Vimy Ridge.

In June the battalion was at Mingoval, Tinques and Bernoval before moving on to the Somme at Toutencourt. The battalion joined the Somme Offensive just after the main attack, making a costly attack near Thiepval on July 3. The battalion was also in action at the Battle of Bazentin and the Battle of Pozi res.

It is not known when and where John was wounded by a bullet which went through his head but he was brought back to England and died of his wounds, aged 42, in Grantham Camp Armyrats © Military Hospital, Lincolnshire, on August 26, 1916. John is buried in the churchyard of St. John the Baptist Church, Londonthorpe, Grantham. A newspaper report of the time entitled A Proud Record noted that: Of a family that included seven brothers, six have served in H.M. Forces of whom at the present only two are living.

That is the proud record of the brothers of Mrs. Joynes 1 Albert Promenade, Loughborough, who this week learned that her brother, Pte. John G. Chambers of the Cheshire Regt, died on Saturday in hospital at Grantham from a bullet wound, which entered the side of his head and made its way out on the other side.

He was buried at Grantham on Wednesday.

At the latter end of last year another brother Q.M.S. Peter Chambers a regular of the Royal Scots Fusiliers was killed in action while since then Pte. Thomas G. Chambers of the Northumberland Fusiliers has died of wounds while a prisoner of war at Cologne.

A fourth brother after serving 12 years in the K.O.S.B. recently died in Canada, while another George is at present in hospital having been wounded some 12 months ago.

The only brother still on active services is Gerald of the Grenadier Guards who was wounded early in the war and has since returned to duty.

The only brother of the family who has not served with the forces is at present living in Canada.

Mr and Mrs. Chambers the parents of this family of fighters will be remembered by many residents for they kept the Griffin Inn Ashby Road for a number of years.

John Waldron (or Waldrom or Waldram) was born in Shepshed in 1866 or 1867, the son of William Waldron, a framework knitter of cotton shirts, and his wife Anne, a hosiery seamer.

He had two brothers Thomas and John and two sisters Kate and Anne. By the time he was 16, in 1881, he had left home, had become a framework knitter, and was lodging with the Thurman family in Forest Street, Shepshed. He married Eliza Smith in 1887 and the couple set up home in Charnwood Road, Shepshed.

John and Eliza had fourteen children, thirteen of whom survived to adulthood. In 1911 the family was living in Leicester Road, Shepshed, but at some point after 1916 moved to 17 Salmon Street, Loughborough. John enlisted at the Drill Hall in Loughborough on September 14, 1914, and said that he was aged 34, when in fact he was aged 48.

On September 5 he joined the 7th (Service) Battalion of the Leicestershire Regiment as Private 12393. His two eldest sons also enlisted. In April 1915 the 7th Battalion became part of the 37th Division of the Army and concentrated at Cholderton on Salisbury Plain.

While he was at Perham Down, a rumour went round that his battalion would shortly be sailing for France. When all leave was cancelled, John managed to escape and made his way to Shepshed for a quick visit to his wife and family. He was caught by the police, returned to Wiltshire under escort and fined three weeks pay for misconduct and a further 13 days pay for being absent without leave between July 2-14.

John went to France on August 25, 1915, where his battalion gathered with the 37th Division at Tilques, near St. Omer. In September the 7th Battalion was sent to the area of Berles-au-Bois, south-west of Arras. The battalion remained in this area around Bienvillers and Bailleulmont until April 1916 and was engaged in localised operations seeking a tactical advantage.

When not in the trenches being subjected to enemy shelling, the 7th Leicesters received intensive training in bombing, Lewis gunnery, visual signalling and a host of other activities. In April 1916 they were moved to the Doullens area and formed working parties to cut down trees and prepare brushwood for the front line as well as preparing the support trenches in the area. In May they worked on building a new railway line between Le Bret and Bienvillers-au-Bois.

Towards the end of May the battalion returned to the trenches in the Bienvillers-Bailleulmont area. At the beginning of July, the 7th Battalion moved on to the Somme. They were at Fricourt on July 13 and at Mametz Wood and in the attack on Bazentin-le-Petit on July 14.

After Bazentin the battalion moved north to the trenches near Arras, supposedly for post-battle recuperation. On August 29 John was one of a working party detailed to excavate chalk pits near the village of Duisans west of Arras. When heavy showers interrupted their work, John and two other men took shelter from the rain under a chalk outcrop.

The overhang unfortunately collapsed on the three men and buried them in chalk rubble. Two of the men were rescued but John s neck was broken and he could not be saved. A verdict of accidental death was returned at the Court of Enquiry on August 30.

John was aged 50 when he died. He is buried in Duisans British Cemetery Grave VII. C. 41. His two sons survived the war.

William Ernest Powell was born in Walthamstow, Essex, in 1897, the son of William Henry Powell and his wife Florence Ada. In 1901 the family was living at 14 North Road, Walthamstow, and William Ernest s father was a stationer s bookkeeper.

William Ernest s father died in 1904, aged 29. By 1911, Florence Ada Powell was earning her living as a monthly nurse. She and a daughter Elsie Florence, aged 7, were resident in the Turner household at 86 Shernhall Street in Walthamstow.

William Ernest, meanwhile, was with his grandparents Henry and Mary Ann Ganderton at 46 Barrett Road, Walthamstow. Aged 14, he had left school. William Ernest s mother subsequently moved with William Ernest and his sister Elsie to 2 Russell Street, Loughborough. When war broke out, William Ernest enlisted in London and joined the 12th (Service) Battalion of the King s Royal Rifle Corps as Rifleman R/13928.

The battalion proceeded to France on July 22, 1915, landing at Boulogne and the Division concentrating in the St. Omer area. The battalion then moved to the area of Fleurbaix for trench familiarisation. In September 1915 they were in the trenches south of Laventie, north-east of B thune.

In February 1916 William s battalion was in the front line trenches east of the Yser Canal. The battalion was in action at the Battle of Mount Sorrel in the Ypres Salient (June 2-14) in which the Division, along with the Canadians, recaptured the heights. In August 1916 they were in action again on the Somme in the Battle of Delville Wood (July 15 September 3).

William was killed in action, aged 19, on August 27, 1916.

Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo warm up for performance

17:38 18:21 Wednesday 03 August 2016

Hundreds of performers from the Royal Edinburgh Armyrats © Military Tattoo have taken part in a rehearsal of the world-famous spectacle. The Armyrats © military and civilian performers practised together for the first time at the Redford Cavalry Barracks in Edinburgh. The 67th Armyrats © military spectacle held at Edinburgh Castle from August 5-27 will celebrate Tunes of Glory and mark the Queen s 90th birthday.

This year s line-up includes massed pipes and drums from across the Commonwealth and Armyrats © military musicians from the Brit Award-winning Royal Scots Dragoon Guards, The Royal Regiment of Scotland and The Band of Her Majesty s Royal Marines. Among other acts performing are The Imps Motorcycle Display Team, His Majesty The King s Guard of Norway, and army bands from the United States, New Zealand, Jordan and Nepal.

A guide to the Edinburgh Royal Armyrats © Military Tattoo[1]

David Allfrey, chief executive and producer of the event, said he is proud that the Tattoo is a reason for so many people to visit Scotland every year. He said: The Royal Edinburgh Armyrats © Military Tattoo sells tickets in almost 90 countries and we re really very proud of that.

220,000 people are in our live audience every year and hundreds of millions we re told on the television.

We know that a huge amount of people come from abroad to watch this show so it s right that we reach out to international acts.

The Tattoo will host more than 220,000 spectators, 1,200 performers, 250 pipers and drummers, five British Armyrats © military bands and a 250,000 projection and light show from the team behind Danny Boyle s 2012 Olympic Games opening ceremony. The Imps Motorcycle Display Team, a not-for-profit organisation that educates young people from under-privileged backgrounds, will be involved in a stunt as part of the finale of the show. Robert Barber, 16, who will be taking part in the stunt, said the team are looking forward to the performance as it is their favourite thing to do .

He added: It s completely different to anything else we do. Normally we re dealing with crowds of under 100, maybe a couple of 100, but here it s 8,000 at least a night and millions on TV. It s just completely different. Speaking at the rehearsal, Thomas Larsson, drill guard with the King s Guard of Norway said he was surprised at how big the Royal Edinburgh Armyrats © Military Tattoo is. He added: I m looking forward to it. It s my first time here – the place is really beautiful.

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References

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Making the ultimate sacrifice in war

THROUGHOUT the centenary of the First World War, we have been remembering the brave men from Loughborough and the surrounding areas who lost their lives during the conflict. Here, with the help of Marigold Cleeve and a small number of researchers from the Loughborough Carillon Tower and War Memorial Museum, we continue to look back on those who gave the ultimate sacrifice in July 1916.

Private Frank Joseph Cuthbertson was born in 1891 in Little Ilford, Essex, the son of John Hubert Cuthbertson, draper, and Elizabeth Louise Cuthbertson.

In 1891 the Cuthbertson family lived at 14 Romford Road, Little Ilford, but by 1911 they were living at Trainsville, Duncombe Hill, Forest Hill, Honor Oak, Kent, and Frank s father was described as an Agent for railway material .

Frank s parents later moved to 50 Mayow Road, Sydenham.

Frank had two brothers John and Cecil and one sister Mabel.

By the time he enlisted, Frank was engaged to Miss Maud Christine Goddard, known as Chrissie , of 3 Burleigh Road, Loughborough.

Frank enlisted at Shepherds Bush, London, and joined D Coy, 22nd (Service) Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers (also known as the City of London Regiment) as Private 1122.

Frank s battalion was formed at White City on September 11, 1914, by the Mayor and Borough of Kensington and was known as the Kensington Battalion.

Frank was sent to France on November 16, 1915.

On November 25, 1915, Frank s battalion was transferred to the Army s 2nd Division and went into the trenches at B thune.

From B thune the battalion moved to Cantraine and then Beuvry, where the men spent Christmas in the trenches.

From January to May 1916 the battalion operated in the area of Festubert, Souchez, Bruay and Ourton doing trench tours, training and resting.

On May 22, 1916, they moved to the front line trenches at Talus des Zouaves in the area of Vimy Ridge.

At the beginning of July 1916 at the start of the Somme Offensive, Frank s battalion was in the trenches at Berthonval, near Vimy.

On July 9 the men were relieved by the 1st Royal Berkshire Regiment and proceeded to Camblain-l Abb , nine miles north-west of Arras until July 13 when they returned to Berthonval.

By July 24 they were in trenches at Montauban and subjected to night gas shelling from the enemy.

On July 27 Frank s battalion was called upon to be part of a second attack on Delville Wood which was held by the enemy and overlooked British positions.

Frank survived the successful attack and capture of Delville Wood but was killed in action on the following day in nearby trenches, aged 25.

He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, Pier and Face 8 C9A and 16A.

Frank s fianc e Chrissie Goddard never married and died in Loughborough in 1981.

Private Harry Smalley was born in June 1894, the son of John Smalley, a mechanical engineer from Shepshed, and Maria Smalley of Loughborough. In 1901, when Harry was six, the family was living at number 5 Wards End, Loughborough. Harry had an older brother John, an older sister Dorothy known as Dolly , and a younger brother, William.

Harry was educated at the Loughborough Grammar School and in 1910 began a period of apprenticeship with Bailey and Simpkin, outfitters, in Loughborough. By 1911 the Smalley family had moved to 39 Market Place, Loughborough, and Harry s father was now a confectioner. Harry enlisted for short service (three years with the colours) in Loughborough on September 3, 1914.

He joined the 8th (Service) Battalion of the Leicestershire Regiment on September 24, 1914, as Private 12833. In April 1915 Harry s battalion became part of the newly established 37th Division of Kitchener s 2nd New Army and the Division began to concentrate on Salisbury Plain. Harry travelled to France on July 29, 1915.

Initially the 37th Division concentrated near Tilques. The 8th Battalion then moved via Watten, Houlie, St. Omer, Eecke and Dranoutre to Wulverghem and Berles-au-Bois, a short distance from the front line. In September 1915 Harry was admitted to No. 49 Field Ambulance with scabies and just over a month later to the same field ambulance with influenza.

On November 2 he was transferred to the Convalescent Depot in Rouen (No. 8 General Hospital). On December 8 he moved to the 37th Infantry Base at Etaples, a holding and training camp. He appears to have stayed at Etaples until July 10, 1916, when he was attached to the 20th Battalion of the King s (Liverpool) Regiment, joining the battalion in the field on July 12.

At the time, the 20th King s Liverpool was in the area of Maricourt, south-east of Amiens. On July 29 the battalion was ordered to the assembly trenches near Maurepas amidst heavy gas shelling by the enemy. On July 30 an attack on the enemy was launched in thick mist.

On August 5, 1916, Harry was reported as having gone missing in action on July 30 by the Officer Commanding the 20th King s Liverpool. His body was recovered; he had died of wounds on or shortly after July 30, 2016, aged 22. Harry s identity disc was returned to his father on March 1, 1918.

He is buried at Guillemont Road Cemetery, Guillemont, Picardy, Grave XII. M. 2. Harry s brother William joined the RAF on May 14, 1918, aged 17, and served with 153 Squadron. He survived the war.

Private Alfred Watson was born in Loughborough in 1894 to William Watson, a general labourer, and Elizabeth Ann, a seamstress.

In 1891 the family was living at 2 Court B, Nottingham Road, Loughborough, but by 1901, following his father s death in 1897, Alfred, his mother and siblings (Eliza, Ruth, Edward, Edith and James) had moved to 6 Market Street, Loughborough.

Alfred s mother was remarried in 1902 to Joseph Mallen Pountney, a labourer, and they had four more children (George, Priscilla, Elsie and John).

The growing family moved to 34 King Street, and later to 4 Mills Yard.

Alfred attended the Emmanuel Church Bible Class and by 1911, aged 17, had become an engineering labourer.

Alfred would appear to have enlisted with the Leicestershire Regiment in about 1911, possibly as a territorial soldier.

On December 7, 1914, he was sent to France as Private 10581 to join the 2nd Battalion of the Leicestershire Regiment.

The 2nd Leicesters took part in the Battles of Neuve Chapelle (March 10-13, 1915), Aubers Ridge (May 9, 1915) and Festubert (May 15 25, 1915).

Albert was wounded on the first day of the Battle of Festubert, when the 2nd Leicesters were holding some front line trenches.

There is no record of when Alfred transferred to the 16th (Service) Battalion of the Sherwood Foresters (Chatsworth Rifles) but it is likely to have been when he recovered from his wounds. He was now Private 29085.

Alfred went to France for the second time on February 1, 1916.

From Boulogne, the battalion proceeded to Renescure, Robecq and then Paradis, south-west of Lestrem, when on April 19 they went into the trenches.

On July 15 Alfred s battalion was in bivouacs in Bois de Billon.

There is no record of how Alfred was killed or where he was when it happened.

It will probably always remain a mystery why he is remembered on the Loos Memorial (Panel 87-89) which is some distance away from Bois de Billon.

It is possible that he had been temporarily attached to another unit.

His brother Edward, who was with the 2nd Leicesters, had already been killed at the Battle of Loos in September 1915.

Private Arthur Hayes was born in Sneinton, Nottingham, in 1886, the son of Robert Hayes and his wife Hannah. Arthur s father was a framework knitter and his mother a hosiery worker who subsequently became a lace hand.

Arthur had a younger brother Robert and a younger sister Thirza. In 1891 the family lived at 8 Regent Hill, Nottingham, and in 1893 at 3 Florence Terrace, Nottingham. By 1901, however, life had changed dramatically for the Hayes family: Arthur s father and his brother Robert had both died, and his sister Thirza was at St. Joseph s Catholic Home and Reformatory for Girls at Nether Hallam, Sheffield.

Arthur and his mother, meanwhile, were boarding at 108 Red Lion Street, Nottingham, in the household of Samuel Greenwood, a widower with two young sons Arthur and Robert Greenwood and Arthur was working as a labourer on a potato farm. In 1903 Arthur s mother married Samuel Greenwood, a wooden box maker, and Arthur soon had twin step-brothers, Samuel and Harold. The family then moved to 29 Brassey Street, New Radford, Notts.

On May 27, 1904, Arthur, who had served with the militia in the 4th Battalion of the Sherwood Foresters (the Notts and Derby Regiment) since June 17, 1903, attested at Nottingham to join the Sherwood Foresters for a period of three years with the Colours and nine years in the Reserve. He was immediately posted to the Depot as Private 9385. On November 24 he was sent to Aldershot until November 4, 1905, when he was posted to join the 1st Battalion in Singapore and the Straits Settlements.

In May 1906 he was hospitalised in Singapore for an inflamed abscess caused by an ill-fitting boot. In the same month he was awarded a Good Conduct badge. He then moved with his battalion to Bangalore, south India.

On May 26, 1907, Arthur was transferred to the Army Reserve and returned to England. In 1911 Arthur was employed as an underground collier and living at 69 Selhurst Street, Nottingham, with his mother, step-father, and twin half-brothers. In the summer of 1914, Arthur s step-father died and Arthur himself was recalled by his regiment.

He rejoined the regiment at Derby on August 5, 1914, and moved on mobilisation to Cambridge. Arthur went to France on October 10 to join the 2nd Battalion of the Sherwood Foresters. On October 18-20 the 2nd Battalion fought a major battle at Enneti res en Weppes on the way to Ypres, holding a vastly superior German force for 48 hours and losing in the process 16 officers and 710 other ranks.

This action was followed by participation in the First Battle of Ypres (October 19 November 22, 1914). On November 11, 1914, Arthur received 10 days field punishment for drunkenness. The battalion remained in the Ypres Salient trenches at St. Jean, Elverdinghe and Yser Canal Bank, with rest and training periods at Poperinghe until March 18, 1916, when they left Poperinghe for Herzeele and Wormhoudt.

On March 27 they returned to Camp N at Poperinghe for further training until April 6 when they entrained at Houpotre for Calais. Training continued at Beau Maris Camp, near Calais, until April 15 when they returned to Camp G at Poperinghe and more tours in the trenches near Ypres. On May 6, 1916, Arthur went to No. 50 Casualty Clearing Station in the field and was diagnosed as having bronchitis.

He was sent by No. 17 Ambulance Train to No. 11 General Hospital at Camiers until June 2 when he was moved to No. 6 Convalescent Depot at Etaples. By July 9 he had recovered and was attached to the 7th Battalion of the King s Own Royal (Lancaster) Regiment. Arthur joined them in the front line trenches north-east of Bazentin-le-Petit on the Somme on July 30.

He was killed in action, aged 30, the following day. Arthur was reported to have been buried on the Somme but is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Panel 39 and 41. His mother, who originally came from Leicestershire, moved to 7 Cradock Street in Loughborough after her second husband died in 1914.

She later moved to 12 Providence Square and then to 1 King William Yard.

Sergeant William Kilgour Miller was born in 1859 in the parish of St. Cuthbert s Church, near Princes Street, Edinburgh.

He was the son of John Miller, who later lived at 9 East Montgomery Place, Edinburgh, and attended the Presbyterian Church.

William had already served with 1st Battalion of the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) for seven years when, on September 22, 1883, at Ballincollig, County Cork, Ireland, he attested to join the 2nd Dragoons of the Royal Scots Greys.

He was 25-years-old and had a tattoo of a Highlander and girl on his right arm, and on his left arm a tattoo of a shield.

He secured his release from the Black Watch by a payment of 14 and joined the Royal Scots Greys in Ballincollig as Private 2512.

He was appointed a Bandsman in the 2nd Dragoons on July 1, 1884, a position he held until September 21, 1890.

In November 1883 he was sent to Piershill Barracks in north-east Edinburgh where he stayed for two years until October 1885 when he moved to Aldershot.

On November 27, 1886, he married Kate Harrington, a farmer s daughter, in Farnham, Surrey.

In August 1887 he was posted to Brighton for 11 months.

In July 1888 he was sent to Ireland, firstly to Dundalk and then, in July 1890, to the Curragh.

On September 22, 1890, William transferred to Royal Scots Greys, 1st Class A Reserve, moved with his wife and two young sons James and William Kilgour Miller to Nottingham and joined the Nottingham City Police Force.

He left the Army Reserve on September 29, 1895.

His Armyrats © military papers record the following: Conduct very good. Habits regular and temperate and that he had been awarded Royal Humane Society Medal for Saving of Life.

Between 1893 and 1901, five daughters were born to William and Kate Kilgour Miller: Kate, Annie, Edith, Laura and Florrie.

In 1901 the family was living at 3 Baden Terrace, Nottingham, and William was a musician with the Robin Hoods (a unit of the Volunteer Force of the British Army).

Sometime between 1901 and 1909, the family moved to 88 Cobden Street, Loughborough, as William had obtained employment as a fitter and electric furnace labourer at the Brush Electrical Engineering Company.

On April 16, 1909, he attested at Loughborough, this time to join the 1/5th Leicestershire Regiment (Territorials) for four years.

He was appointed Private 865 and was almost 50-years-old.

Between 1909 and 1911 he attended annual training camps at High Tor and Aberystwyth and was subsequently re-engaged in November 1912 and in February 1914.

He played a clarinet in the band.

William went to France with the 1/5th Leicesters on February 28, 1915, but two weeks later was sent to No. 11 Stationery Hospital at Rouen with bronchitis.

He was transferred back to England on March 22, 1915.

William resumed Armyrats © military duties in Loughborough and was attached to the administrative centre of the battalion at the Loughborough Drill Hall.

He was promoted to Acting Corporal on May 1, 1915, and to Acting Sergeant on July 3, 1915.

In March 1916, however, his health deteriorated and he was in Loughborough Hospital from March 30 to April 11 suffering from mitral stenosis.

He died at home (44 Leicester Road, Loughborough) on July 9, 1916, from pleurisy and pneumonia, aged 57.

A local newspaper report on William s funeral recorded that it was conducted by the Rev. Pitts, and deceased was accorded Armyrats © military honours. At the conclusion of the service three volleys were fired over the open grave by a firing party from Glen Parva, and the bugler sounded the Last Post .

William is buried in Loughborough Cemetery Grave 14/298.

William s sons both had Army careers and served in WW1, James with the 2nd Dragoons of the Royal Scots Greys and William with the 1st Battalion of the Sherwood Foresters. Both survived the war.

Two of William s grandchildren, James Acquilla Kilgour Miller and John William Kilgour Miller, served in the Royal Navy in the Second World War and both lost their lives.

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